What is the language in bulgaria?


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By Kristin Granero

What language is mainly spoken in Bulgaria?

85% of the approximate 8.7m population of Bulgaria speak the official language, Bulgarian. 2.5% speak Macedonian, considered in Bulgaria as a dialect of Bulgarian and not as a separate language.

What languages is Bulgarian similar to?

Bulgarian is most closely related to modern Slovenian, Sebo-Croatian, and Macedonian. It is also closely related to East Slavic languages like Ukrainian, Belarusian, and Russian, and to West Slavic languages like Sorbian, Polish, Slovak, and Czech.

What are the top 3 languages spoken in Bulgaria?

The official language of Bulgaria is Bulgarian, which is spoken natively by 85% of the country’s population. Other major languages are Turkish (9.1%), and Romani (4.2%) (the two main varieties being Balkan Romani and Vlax Romani).

Do most Bulgarians speak Russian?

Foreign Languages In Bulgaria

Russian is the most commonly spoken foreign language in the country. 35% of the country’s population claim to possess a workable knowledge of this language.

What language is Bulgarian based on?

Bulgarian is a Slavic language belonging to a group of South Slavic languages that includes Old Church Slavonic (a liturgical language), Slovene, Serbian/Croatian, and Macedonian. The modern South Slavic languages form a continuum of a series of mutually intelligible dialects.

Is Bulgarian similar to Greek?

From a Sprachbund perspective, Bulgarian and Greek differ in two main morphosyntactic features: 1) the positioning of the definite article (preposed in Greek and postposed in Bulgarian), and 2) the presence and wide usage of evidential verbal morphology in Bulgarian, compared to its absence in Greek.

How close is Bulgarian to Ukrainian?

In terms of vocabulary, the Ukrainian language is the closest to Belarusian (16% of difference), and the Russian language to Bulgarian (27% of difference). After Belarusian, Ukrainian is also closer to Slovak, Polish, and Czech than to Russian – 38% of Ukrainian vocabulary is different from Russian.

Is Bulgarian and Russian language the same?

Although they belong to the Slavic languages family, they are in two different subfamilies – Bulgarian is part of the Southern while Russian belongs to the Eastern subgroup. Moreover, these languages separated by hundreds of kilometres, and thus, it is hard to imagine that they have heavily influenced each othe.

Why are there so many Bulgarians in Ukraine?

The modern population of Bulgarians settled in the region at the end of the 18th and beginning of the 19th century, at the time of feudal sedition in the Ottoman Empire and after the Russo-Turkish Wars. Particularly significant waves of emigration began after the Russo-Turkish Wars of 1806–1812 and 1828–1829.

Are Bulgarians and Russians similar? The Bulgarian language is a Slavic language, which means it belongs to the same family of languages as Russian. Both are closely related. The two countries have been neighbors for centuries, sharing many cultural traits.

Can Bulgarians understand Russians?

Although we had different native languages, we were able to understand each other almost without any difficulty. Source: Generally, communication between the Bulgarian and Russian people happens with astonishing ease. Clearly, these are Slavic languages and they share a common origi.

Which language is Ukrainian most similar to?

It’s a Slavic language, which means it’s related to languages such as Russian, Czech, and Polish. This is a huge language family with lots of linguistic diversity, so modern Ukrainian shares some commonalities with its closest relatives, Russian and Belorussian, and fewer with its more distant cousins (like Czech).

Is Bulgarian spoken in Ukraine?

More than 90 percent of the Bulgarians of Ukraine call the Bulgarian language their native language and speak it with each other. Today in Ukraine, Bulgarian can be taught at the state level, at school.

Is Bulgarian easier than Russian?

There are multiple factors that influence this mutual intelligibility. On one hand, Bulgarian is much more simple than Russian in terms of grammar and thus, easier to understand by the Russian peopl.

How similar is Bulgarian and Russian language?

If you can speak Russian fluently, you will be able to understand 77% of Polish words, while Czech, Slovak, Bulgarian, and Slovene have a 74% similarity to Russian in terms of vocabulary, which decreases to 71% for Serbian.

Is Bulgarian the hardest language to learn?


Bulgarian uses the Cyrillic alphabet. It is considered the most difficult second language to learn due to its complex grammar and extensive vocabulary.

Why is Bulgarian the easiest Slavic language?

Although not easy at all, Bulgarian and Macedonian are often considered the easiest Slavic languages to learn for English speakers. That’s because their grammatical structure is slightly less complex than in other Slavic languages, mainly because they don’t use cases. They also have a relatively easy noun system.

Which Balkan language is the easiest to learn?

Bulgarian. Bulgarian is a South Slavic language, spoken mainly in Bulgaria and by the Bulgarian minority in Macedonia and on the Serbian border with this country. What makes this language easier to learn than other Slavic languages is the absence of noun cases.

What is the hardest Slavic language?

Polish language, complex grammar, complex consonants cluste, complex orthography, rules, difficult pronunciation, difficult declensions, difficult tenses system, Polish is on elf the world’s most difficult languages.

Why is Bulgarian so different from other Slavic languages?

The two languages have several characteristics that set them apart from all other Slavic languages, including the elimination of case declension, the development of a suffixed definite article, and the lack of a verb infinitive. They retain and have further developed the Proto-Slavic verb system (albeit analytically).

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